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7th September, Youm-e-Khatm-e-Nabuwwat “Finality of Prophethood Day” – A Historic Milestone in Pakistan’s History

Date: September 07, 2023

September 7th, the “Finality of Prophethood Day,” holds immense significance in Pakistan’s national and religious history. On this day, Pakistanis commemorate a crucial event that solidified their commitment to the belief in the finality of prophethood, a fundamental tenet of Islam.

The concept of “Khatm-e-Nabuwwat,” or the finality of prophethood, is a core belief in Islam, emphasizing that the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) is the last and final prophet sent by Allah (God). This belief is supported by approximately 100 verses in the Quran and over 210 Hadiths (sayings and actions of the Prophet Muhammad) that explicitly mention the finality of prophethood.

Muslims unanimously believe that Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) is the last prophet, and there will be no prophets after him until the Day of Judgment.

The Holy Qur’an says: ‘Muhammad is not the father of any man among you, but he is the Messenger of Allah and the last one among all the prophets. And Allah knows all things’. (33:40) Almost all of the mufasireen (interpreters) of the Qur’an give the meaning of Khatam-un-Nabieen as last and final prophet.

Throughout history, imperial powers attempted to undermine the faith and reverence Muslims hold for the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). One such attempt occurred in British India when Mirza Ghulam Ahmad Qadiani claimed prophethood in the late 19th century, presenting himself as the Promised Messiah and a prophet. This led to a significant theological challenge within the Muslim community.

In response to the Qadiani movement, scholars and leaders of various Islamic schools of thought united to confront and counteract this deviant belief. They worked together to clarify the Islamic stance on the finality of prophethood through their writings, publications, and public addresses. Notable figures in this effort included Hazrat Pir Meher Ali Shah Golravi, Allama Ahmad Raza Khan Barelvi, Amir-e-Millat Pir Jamaat Ali Shah, Allama Nawab Din Ramdasi, Allama Syed Abu Al-Hasanat Qadri, Allama Syed Abul Barkat Qadri, Sheikh-ul-Islam Khwaja Kamal-ud-Din Syialvi, Maulana Abdul Hameed Badayuni, Allama Syed Ahmed Saeed Kazmi, Sahebzada Syed Faiz-ul-Hasan Shah, Sahebzada Mehmood Shah Gujarati, Allama Shah Ahmed Noorani Siddiqui, Allama Abdul Mustafa Al-Azhari, Allama Shah Mohammad Arif Allah Qadri, Justice Pir Muhammad Karam Shah Al-Azhari, and many others.

On January 18, 1953, a convention representing all schools of thought and political parties in Pakistan established the “Tehrik-e-Tahaffuz-e-Khatm-e-Nabuwwat” (Movement for the Protection of the Finality of Prophethood). In this convention, Allama Syed Abu Al-Hasanat Qadri was nominated as the President, and Allama Ahmad Raza Khan Barelvi was appointed as the Secretary-General. The movement announced its intention to campaign against Qadiani beliefs and appealed to Muslims for a social boycott of Qadianis.

This nationwide boycott and strike were remarkably successful and continued until its objectives were achieved.

September 7, 1974, is a day of great historical significance in Pakistan. On this day, Pakistan’s National Assembly, with the united support of religious scholars and leaders from all denominations, passed a historic resolution declaring Qadianis as a non-Muslim minority. This resolution marked the successful culmination of a prolonged struggle by Muslims to safeguard their faith’s core belief.

In the National Assembly, both Rabwah and Lahore groups of Qadianis presented their theological positions. Attorney General Yahya Bakhtiar vigorously argued against the Qadiani leadership, particularly Mirza Nasir Ahmad. Subsequently, Qadiani leader Mirza Nasir was excommunicated for eleven days. Scholars like Allama Shah Ahmed Noorani, Allama Abdul Mustafa Al-Azhari, Maulana Syed Muhammad Ali Razavi, Maulana Ghulam Rasool Al-Azhari, and Maulana Mohammad Yousuf Ludhianvi played pivotal roles in explaining the Islamic perspective on the finality of prophethood to the National Assembly.

Finally, on September 7, 1974, the National Assembly unanimously approved the resolution, thereby officially categorizing Qadianis (Ahmadis) and Marazais as non-Muslims. This resolution was also endorsed by a joint session of the Parliament, making it an integral part of Pakistan’s constitution. As a result, this long-fought struggle culminated successfully, and Muslims celebrated a historic victory in preserving the sanctity of the finality of prophethood.

This momentous occasion reflects the unwavering commitment of Muslims to uphold the fundamental tenets of their faith, and it stands as a testament to the resilience and unity of the Pakistani Muslim community in the face of theological challenges.

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